How have cars impacted the size and health of Institute Pond?
Cars affected the park in the early 20th century as the park was adapting to the car overload by widening paths in the parks to allow for these automobiles through. Even though cars were not allowed to go through the park anymore, the park was still affected by automobiles.
Infrastructure around the park
These two pictures show us one other effect of cars that occured in 1954 when the Causeway was built. This was a necessary road improvement as speed was being requested with the advancements in technology in vehicles. This road allowed for a quick route from northern Worcester to downtown. Below are the maps from 1948 before it was built and 1974 20 years after it was completed.
The two maps above really put into perspective of how much land and water was taken away from the park in order to create this causeway. In addition to this land taken from the park, there was a Park Commissioner Report of 1911, where they expressed the park had an unwelcoming appearance 1) due to the lack of lighting making it an unsafe environment 2) odor coming from the park as runoff water from Park Avenue ended in the pond. Even though this concern happened in 1911, in 1954 with the building of the Causeway and the building of I-190 in 1974, storm water and sedimentation still was not resolved in the park.
It is evident that parks never existed apart from the auto centric landscape of American cities. With this, we can identify the positive impacts cars have had on parks; in the early 20th century allowed for more people to get together and enjoy the park but it had a negative impact environmentally which is affecting not just Insitute Park but all parks around the world.
Ricardo Llorente Ruiz